How The Thyroid Gland Works
The thyroid is an endocrine gland located in the lower front of the neck. It is butterfly shaped and has two lobes which are on either side of the neck. In grown adults, the thyroid weighs an average of 16.4g. Despite the small size, this little organ normalizes the functions of several bodily processes.
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, namely thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). These hormones are released into the body where they help control many important body functions.
Here Are Some Functions of Thyroid Hormones:
- Controlling breathing
- Regulating heart rate
- Regulating normal body weight
- Strengthening muscles
- Regulating menstrual cycles
- Regulating body temperature
- Regulating cholesterol levels
- Strengthening the nervous system
Without the right levels of thyroid hormones, your body will not be able to function well.
What is Hypothyroidism?
When one has hypothyroidism, the body fails to make enough thyroid hormones. In other words, the thyroid becomes underactive. As a result, metabolism, which is what the T4 and T3 hormones control, slows down. One of the first symptoms that people with hypothyroidism experience is fatigue and sluggishness.
- In some cases, the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormones. This is called hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid gland.
Statistics show that about 1% of the population suffer from an underactive thyroid. Women are more likely to develop a thyroid disease then men.
Natural treatment options for hypothyroidism have been shown to be very effective in eliminating underactive thyroid symptoms.
- Natural thyroid supplements such as Thyromine are very effective in treating hypothyroidism, and may eliminate hypothyroid symptoms in 2-3 weeks.
Thyromine works by treating the underlying causes of hypothyroidism, which are typically caused by inflammation and nutrient deficiencies. We recommend natural thyroid supplement for anyone experiencing an underactive thyroid, you can read our review here.
Causes of Hypothyroidism
There are many causes of an underactive thyroid, here are some of the most common ones:
Autoimmune diseases: the immune system, which is supposed to protect the body from harmful elements, misidentifies the thyroid cells for intruders. So it attacks them, reducing the number of active thyroid cells. This leads to a decrease in the amount of thyroid hormones the thyroid gland makes. Usually, this condition develops slowly and it’s not easy to identify. It is common in men.
Iodine deficiency: the thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. So if iodine is in low supply, thyroid hormones will also be insufficient. The body cannot process its own iodine. As such, we need to get this mineral from food.
Iodine deficiency was believed to be a major cause of hypothyroidism in the past. Nowadays, our diets have enough of it that its deficiency has dwindled in prominence as a hypothyroidism cause.
Thyroiditis: this is one of the biggest causes of hypothyroidism. With this, the thyroid gland faces an inflammation due to an autoimmune disease or infections. It secretes large amounts of thyroid hormones into the blood and then becomes underactive.
Medications: some medications are known to affect the thyroid gland in manufacturing hormones, making it produce less than what it usually does. Lithium is a big example of such medications. Others include interferon alpha, bexarotene, and thalidomide.
Congenital hypothyroidism: some are born with a thyroid gland that is out of place, one that is not fully developed, or without it completely. As expected, such a gland fails to work normally, usually causing hypothyroidism. Studies show that this occurs in 3 to 5 of every 1000 pregnancies.
Risk Factors For Hypothyroidism
Here are some of the risk factors for an underactive thyroid:
- Age – the risk increases with age
- Race – being white or Asian increases the risk
- Bipolar disorder
- Down syndrome
- Turner syndrome
- The presence of autoimmune diseases in the body
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism symptoms are difficult to detect since they resemble those of other diseases and many require multiple doctor visits before the condition can be diagnosed.
Here Are The Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
- Weight gain without obvious reasons.
- Difficulty in remembering things.
- Pain and stiffness in the joints.
- Greater sensitivity to cold.
- Slow heart rate.
You have to remember that with hypothyroidism, metabolism slows and most of the symptoms are a result of this.
Disclaimer: This content should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs. While every attempt has been made to provide information that is both accurate and effective, the author does not assume any responsibility for the accuracy or use/misuse of this information.